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Changes During A (Life)Threatening Encounter


Time Dilation, In the Zone, In Your Bubble, I Blacked out, Increased Memory Packing and Slow Motion Perception are some of the names given to a common phenomena that happens to us in a highly stressful situation. This happens spontaneously to witnesses and participants of motor vehicle crashes, life or death encounters of armed and un-armed people resulting in a sense of slow motion to the participant and conversely extreme speed to those witnessing event. Many athletes experience what can be described as in the zone when participating in, Usually high stress event and there is evidence that this can be extremely repeatable!

For example, the videos linked contain examples of a speed that is beyond the normal human ability thereby setting World Record(s). 

This video has "High Speed Camera segments" Youtube video's can be advanced or reversed with these key strokes; space bar to pause, while in pause the period . key advances frame by frame, the comma , key backs up F X F, the J key backs up 10 sec in real time and the L key advances 10 sec in real time. When in High Speed it will take 100's of key strokes to advance 1 second!!!! Its an amazing way of watching gun function!!!!  Update: The frame by frame no longer works the same as it used to with the period and comma, it appears to jump 50-100 frames with eck key stroke. 

She uses the term "In the Zone" at the 49 second mark in reference to herself and others. For instance a baseball batter that relates his experience of hitting a home run will not recall the hit and will come out of "This Zone" somewhere on the base line around each base where he becomes consciously aware of the crowd and his accomplishment. These events have strikingly similar manifestations/substantiation to tunnel vision and auditory exclusion (tunnel hearing).

Jase Robertson of Duck Dynesty tells of a close encounter with a stricking Cottonmouth snake in Episode #9 of the "I Am Unashamed" Podcast series at the 16:20 mank of this Video

  • Lance Thomas kills 5 armed intruders in 4 encounters Video Here
    Lance has "Slow Motion Perception" while a witness Named Gerry tell of the speed of Lances actions.

  • Full Motion Picture "Sergeant York"   w/ Gary Cooper in Black and White (My Favorite) No longer on youtube
  • Diaries of Famed Sgt. Alvin York 1st World War's Highest decorated soldier Web Site Here
  • October 8th 1918 (about the 3rd page of this date)

Quote:[In the middle of the fight a German officer and five men done jumped out of a trench and charged me with fixed bayonets. They had about twenty-five yards to come and they were coming right smart. I only had about half a clip left in my rifle; but I had my pistol ready. I done flipped it out fast and teched them off, too.
I teched off the sixth man first; then the fifth; then the fourth; then the third; and so on. That's the way we shoot wild turkeys at home. You see we don't want the front ones to know that we're getting the back ones, and then they keep on coming until we get them all]Un-Quote. [Of course, I hadn't time to think of that. I guess I jes naturally did it].

Authors comments;
The Movie "Sergeant York" Staring Gary Cooper is a favorite of mine and although there are many events in th movie that coincide with the Diaries of Alvin York much has been enhanced by the writers, 5 including Alvin York's Diaries.
Retired US Army Col. Douglas V. Mastriano
spent years researching Alvin York and gives
a historical presentation Sergeant Alvin York: Hero of WWI
  at the National WWI museum
in Kansas City. {Douglas Mastirano's presentation Here}

Watching the movie leads me to believe there is more to this story than what is being told. The German Army surrendering to such a small squad of combatants isn't something that would happen unless they were witnessing something Extremely Extraordinary! And they were, Rifleman Alvin York was "In The Zone" and was preforming in Time Dilation, firing and hitting targets like a warrior out of the Bible Old Testament book of Joshua 21:44 [...the Lord gave all their enemies into their hand]

In My Bubble were the words Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock would use to tell how he could maintain the extreme concentration to complete his historic Missions, Video Interview Here

In The Words of Staff Sergeant David G Bellavia in his Medal Of Honor Speech,

Quote["Using a reserve we never knew we had"]Un-Quote  Video Here

Here is a list of event i have experienced over 50 years that relate to the titles,

1, Did not understand event for 30 or more years, "Auditory Exclusion", and most likely "Tunnel Vision". When Deer hunting and shot at nice buck. My heart was beating so fast and the i remember thinking the buck might hear it if my mouth was open, there were no other sounds besides this buck and my heart and after the shot i remember the return to hearing the sounds of the forest and was puzzled as to why i experienced this return and could only rationalize that the gunshot noise had temporarily deafened me. This happened on 10 or more similar experiences and i came to understanding this when studying the NRA PPITH course.

2. "Fight or Flight", The "FLIGHT" was 1st when as a juvenile engaged in throwing tomatoes at passing cars where one of the 3 of us was not participating. He was heavier and slower than us and when a irate motorist stopped and chased us the unwilling member left us like we were standing still! it was a very humorous event to see something so different!
The "FIGHT" event is a very embarrassing event on account of I cannot and could not remember anything that transpired when i was challenged during a special family event and remember trying to avoid a confrontation. The event happened and it reportedly didn't last long and i have to go by what witnesses say happened. I just a couple days ago asked my wife if she remembered the event and she said "Just like it was yesterday" and that was 40 years or more ago. I do and did remember the Elation and mostly the frustration of my Father-in-law because he had gone to the rest room and missed the event. And to this day i still feel the embarrassment of not remembering.
About 15 or more years ago being an EMT on our ambulance service one of my friends son who was about 16 years old was attached by a much older Ornery man we would caution people to stay clear of because of irrational outburst of violence. The young man was sitting on the curb watching some younger boys antagonize the "Loose Cannon", he took chase and attacked the 16 year old and the 16 year old promptly pounded the PISS out of his attacker. I was attendant when the attacker was transported to the emergency room and remember him stating that he was moving out of town! No way he stated was he going to live where a PUNK like that beat him up so bad, and he did then leave his home town of birth and never returned. I interviewed the young man several times over the years and he also could not remember the actual fight, all he could say is i must have gone Psycho on him.

3. "In The Zone", I played some soft ball both fast and slow pitch years back and was never a very good player. During a very crucial Fire Department tournament game i hit my only over the fence home run and i was in the zone when that happened because i do not remember swinging the bat and it wasn't until i rounded 2nd base that i began to hear the spectators and team mates cheering. I read about others in major leagues relate similar experiences.

4. "Time Dilation/Slow Motion Perception", I was a wittiness to a very tragic car crash where i looked into my rearview mirror and saw a small car full of teenagers pull out and get T-boned by a Big old Pink Cadillac. I saw the impact, the little economy car spinning and the long blond hair of a young girl who was out the rear window past her shoulders and thinking she was going to be instantly killed when the car rolls over as it entered the grass of the median. Then the car stopped and she fell back inside the car. My Wife and 2 of my daughters and 1 or more friends were watching as this car was in front of them at the intersection.
Both I and my wife being EMT's went to work caring for this car load of teens. 11 years later i was transporting A young boy to the emergency room and his aunt was riding along as the reasonable adult and as i drove the ambulance through the intersection the Aunt asked me if i remembered an accident from 11 years ago? I responded that I did, just like it happened yesterday and that not only as a EMT but also as a wittiness. She had been very seriously injured and transferred to a trauma center and never knew just what happened and i was able to tell her everything as she and her team had just finished playing a high school softball game with my daughters.
I was the driver of a F600 Truck with a 60 ft. hydraulic crane traveling to fast on a mining company haul road when a huge road grader turned left from the far right side of road and i could not stop! I put the truck into a skid to the left and then had to correct and because of the corner had to then put the truck into a skid to the right clearing the huge obstruction. My co-worker was screaming and said afterwards that his whole life flashed before his eyes! I continued on for another mile or so and did a maintenance job(Pit Call) on a large excavator and upon returning the way we had come there was the road grader still positioned in the haul road. We stopped and the operator was still frozen in the "FREEZE" reaction that we can all experience in a helpless situation, and he asked me HOW DID I GET THAT TRUCK AROUND HIM! I remember well the "SLOW MOTION" of sliding the truck left, and then right, and it seemed like really no big deal, but i did confess that I was driving to fast and never drove a truck fast like that again and i bought that truck and did construction crane work with it for years after retiring from the Mine.
I was a back seat passenger in a carpool where the driver found us at highway speed on a bridge with several cars involved in a crash and several people scattered around the crash site and i thought there was NO WAY we were going to come out of this without injury! But our driver handled this incident similar to the incident where i was driving and maneuvered through without any contact! I cannot to this day believe we made it just like that grader operator could not believe i had also.

5. This last one i will relate is much different and i do not know just where it fits But certainly fits  "Perceptual".
I have on many occasions while driving in the Rocky Mountains while going up long inclines loose the visual of the incline where it looks to me like the roadway ahead is level. When this would first happen i would be wondering what was going wrong with my truck because it was working so hard. I would check the transmission selector, the parking brake and thinking what is wrong!!
Then a glance in the rearview mirror would return me to the incline i was driving on because i would see the down grade of the roadway behind.
Then one day in Jackson County Colorado while hunting Elk i was on the way to a lake that was 1,000 ft. above camp and as i was walking i came upon a survey line that was well marked and easy walking other than it was a 10 or more percent incline and i was feeling the effects. As i climbed i do not know where my thoughts went but i remember vividly thinking, When did this survey line crest the hill??? I was walking full stride effortless and puzzled! Everything looked ON THE LEVEL in my field of view! i then glanced behind me and there it was just like driving i see the down slope and i am again fully aware of my uphill trek and again feeling the strain of the incline. In The Zone feels like it fits on this one but the Time Dilation or Slow Motion Perception fails to fit this experience. 
In conclusion, I have come to teach and fully believe that i or anyone i teach does not have to be a top notch competitor in competition shooting to prevail in a deadly encounter PROVIDED I/WE have the basic skills/muscle memory from practice at a controlled safe and frequent training sessions that must involve both dry fire practice when range use is not an option and live fire sessions on a regular basis. The Moniker,  "SLOW IS SMOOTH - AND SMOOTH IS FAST"   BELIEVE IT, Practice AND IT WILL BE!!!!

The Survival Triangle with Dr. Alexis Artwohl

1. Chronic Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

2. Cognitive Issues

3. Legal Aftermath

4. Second Guessing

5. Confidentiality and Support

Job Stress - Memory & Decision Making



I have been informed of this DNR Trapping regulation;

2016 Minnesota StatutesB.931 TENDING TRAPS.

Subdivision 1.Restrictions.

A person may not tend a trap set for wild animals between 10:00 p.m. and 5:00 a.m.. Between 5:00 a.m.. and 10:00 p.m.. a person on foot may use a portable artificial light to tend traps. While using a light in the field, the person may not possess or use a firearm other than a handgun or rifle capable of firing only rimfire cartridges of .17 or .22 caliber including .22 magnum.

Subd. 2.Body-gripping traps.

A body-gripping, conibear-type trap need not be tended more frequently than once every third calendar day.


My comment on this is the 1 thing the MN DNR has held throughout the Personal protection law is the "Shining Law" And this issue is tending traps before or after daylight with a light. So use your head people!!!!

WWW.Handgunlaw.US is the best site on internet for information.

NEW UPDATE: Minnesota has been remover from the Wyoming Reciprocity list.  Link to expanation of Castle Law and Stand your Ground

As I have always held,  Yes I encourage people to bring their own gun, but also have guns to use if they don't.
Now a BIG CHANGE that HAS to be made now because I just do not have a reliable source of Ammunition is,
People will be required to bring their own ammo and that ALSO means if they are planning on using one of my firearms they will have to bring ammo. New ammo, No reloads.
In .22 Long Rifle  50 rounds each, 38 Special,  9mm Parabellum,  or 45 Auto  but 50 rounds each.

Again Lunch will be provided as will Coffee Tea and bottled water.

Dates for this fall are,

Directions to the Cloverdale Hall
Cloverdale Hall 
The NEW Cloverdale hall is located 1/4 mile West of Hyw 65 on Co Rd 8

Start time for a typical Sunday class 1:00 (all guns in classroom will have been double checked) and

*************************NO LIVE AMMO IN CLASSROOM!)************************************

Coffee will be hot.
We qualify the same day.

Lunch is provided and all conversations will be on GUNS!

The course of fire is: Six shot at 21 Ft. in 12 seconds.
Six shot at 21 Ft. in 12 seconds.
12 shots at 21 Ft. in 60 seconds.
For this you will fire 6 and reload (same Mag.)(no speed loaders) and fire 6 more.
Each shot is worth 5 points on a 9" bull, 4 points in the 12" ring, and 3 points in the 18" ring.
Total 150, Must shoot 70%.= 105 Min.
Alternative firing will be one hand strong hand and one hand Weak (support) hand

Cost $60.00
For 1 on 1 training $XX.00  Call for details. I do not do this very often.
Church Groups call for details min class size 8

To ask Me any questions you and fill out this E-MAIL , HERE

Must Know Information


Rules Of Force and Deadly Force  HERE

Armed citizens network, Information WE MUST know before carrying an gun,  HERE

Summary of MN Law

MN law on website. the map highlights States that honor MN permits and scrolling down the page most of the MN law that pertains to a individual carrying a handgun in public must know.

This summary can be downloaded and or printed.

Minnesota BCA has changed their Web site and it is not easy to find what used to be listed on one page.
So here are some links that will be helpful,

To print out an Application before making trip to Sheriff office,  HERE  (This link died, next link down 3rd item on FAQ page)
Frequently Asked Questions, this is a very helpful page!  HERE
Minnesota Reciprocity, for out of State people  HERE

Please see my link to contact our US Senators on Firearms issues,  Here

In the past I have stated how Conservation officer view a handgun carried with a Carry Permit is not a hunting handgun and any handgun used as a hunting handgun should be unloaded and cased when on a motor vehicle. 

I was questioned about this and i then posed 2 questions to my local Conservation officer. He then brought these questions to his supervisors and here are the questions and answers;

Example 1
i am riding a trail on an ATV during hunting season and am licensed to take a grouse. The only firearm i have with is a loaded pistol in my holster that i am carrying with a MN carry permit.
I stop the ATV and step off and away from it and take the grouse with the handgun. I then re-holster the handgun and retrieve the taken grouse, then board the ATV and proceed on my way.

Have i violated any game and fish laws?? Answer i received; NO!

Example 2
I am driving my car along an improved roadway where just off roadway i have numerous trapping sets on an Auto Trap Line.
On my side while driving from set to set I have a holstered handgun loaded and am in possession of a MN carry permit and a valid drivers license and trapping license.
I use the handgun to dispatch fur bearing animals caught in my traps and then proceed on to the next trap set with the loaded holstered handgun.

Again, Have i violated any game and fish laws?? Answer i received; No!

Thank you   

This is the "Oral" answer i received back, 

I heard back from my CO, as he was at a meeting with his supervisors just today.
Everything I had heard in the past 10 years is apparently changed now.

The same questions i posed to you were the ones they looked at today and there is no violation of any game and fish laws if someone with a permit used said permit in the context of the questions.
Basically, the only way anyone with a permit would be in jeopardy is if they were to be shining! or firing from the motor vehicle without the necessary disability permit.
Now that certainly doesn't prevent someone who used their carry gun in this manner to be ticketed and have to take this issue to a court of law, So in my Whole $0.02 opinion is to be careful and respectful and do your homework and know you could have to challenge a ticket issued by someone who thinks differently.
An example was used in that meeting where at a retirement party for a State Trooper he told of ticketing a number of people for open bottle when they were in possession on private property. Those ticketed paid their fines and it was years before that trooper found he was wrong in writing those tickets. Had they challenged those tickets in court they would have had the tickets withdrawn. And that kind of thing can happen here and many many other issues.
Another issue like this is back 20 or so years ago when the DNR Conservation officers were first starting to use decoy deer to ticket road hunters, more specifically, those that fired from a roadway at Deer and most of the time there were other violations like these Decoys were placed on private posted property mostly agricultural. Anyway, the County Attorneys informed the Officers that they would not prosecute any citations issued because a Decoy Deer was NOT a big game animal. Well the tickets were written and fines were paid and anyone bringing a ticket to court was NOT prosecuted. Then the law was changed to include the language that a firearm could not be discharged down, from or across a road at a big game animal OR Decoy of a big game animal.


CHUCK HAWK's on Ammunition,


Chuck is a good authority on all kinds of firearms issues and Ammunition. Explore Chucks web site!


I want to bring to the attention to all my past students an issue that has changed in MN due to a ruling by the Mn Appeals Court. Churches in MN can restrict having a firearm in a private vehicle in their parking lot. This issue is posted on the web site here; (copy and paste)


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